Objeto y proceso. Docencia de proyectos arquitectónicos

Fernando Zaparaín
Arquitecto, Profesor Titular, ETSAVa Universidad de Valladolid
Architect, Profesor Titular, ETSAVa University of Valladolid

This paper proposes a teaching of architectural design that ends in the creation of a particular building, but also analysis it through its creation process. According to this theory, the validity evaluation criteria will be the internal coherence understood as the best possible compromise between the product and the elected system to develop it and the specific requirements as program, environment  and representation. This methodology does not need a general comparative framework, but rather well know the internal reference and the external frame established by each architect, in order to compare the final work with the idea. The sources of inspiration, combining tradition and invention, should be found. Creativity is based on prefabricated sequences previously established but this does not automatically lead to an outcome because it incorporates the author’s freedom. Thus the project is more a “hunt” (whose path is set walking) rather than a “maze” (with only one possible route to discover). The process begins in the perception (of a reality and a tradition) and continues in all three phases of the project (articulated with the idea), execution (which requires knowledge and becomes an object) and evaluation (which is a critical operation related to the experience).

Keywords: design; teaching; creation; coherence.